Per definition massage could be defined as manipulation of soft tissue which includes musculature and connective tissue. Another more detailed definition of 스웨디시 massage is stroking, pressure and stretching of the skin and skeletal muscles.
First, one has to remember that there is an overlap between different massage methods. Some of techniques are more or less the same independently of the name of the therapist educational background or of the main philosophy of a particular school.
The Swedish massage I have my training in is systematically focus on working on the soft tissue and specifically on the skeletal muscles. But it must emphasized that there is a difference between schools in Sweden how the Swedish massage is perform. This is by no means unusual in the case of manual therapy in general. For instance chiropractic and physiotherapy colleges can differ quite much in curriculum between each other. In Sweden every school has its own curriculum and will teach their students massage according to the schools on literature.
In Sweden predominantly the schools that have Swedish massage on the curriculum are private. Although some state-owned university programs like physiotherapy has a few hours of massage in their curriculum it is not any complete massage course compare to many of the private massage school. Before the 1970’s physiotherapists in Sweden were well train in massage but when physiotherapy became a more academic subject and programs were integrate within medical or health faculties there were a stronger demand that everything should be scientific based or evidence based.
So the paradox today is that many of the private schools with no affiliation to university have the comprehensive programs in hands on massage training. But university programs in health and medicine are generally more extensive in science, medicine and human biology. Many of the private massage schools are under state supervision but this more a bureaucratic formality. And the authority really has no knowledge in manual therapy in general or massages therapy particularly. In Sweden the quality assurance of a massage curriculum is done internally by the school itself. But there are about ten schools today that formed the Swedish Massage Advisory Council.
The main aim of the Swedish Massage Advisory Council is to uphold the professional skills of a masseur or masseuse and the credibility of the business. The council quality assures schools. This is achieve by all students who are enroll in a member schools can undergo a national test and receive certification as masseur. When council was form 1998 there were an agreement. That the title masseur or masseuse was the most commonly know title among the clients. This was the reason for that the title certify masseur or masseuse (in Swedish the word is the same for both gender) was establish and marketed. Although today massage therapist is maybe has higher credibility as a title. Massage therapy diploma is a title that every school or course provider can give without any reservation.
The Swedish Massage Advisory Council has through it years established guidelines and minimum level of what a massage therapist needs to know and how many hours of tuition is require in human biology, medicine, and massage and stretching. There are also requirements of clinical practice both supervise and done independently. All together there should a minimum of 390 hours of tuition and clinical practice. This is then examine when the students of the member school have pass a national theoretical certification exam. This exam is a multiple choice quiz with most questions is regarding the students’ proficiency in anatomy. There is also a national practical exam on the students’ skills in surface anatomy, massage and manual stretching.
However we in the Swedish Massage Advisory Council has agreed on which muscles. And their insertion and functions a massage therapist need to know there is really no consensus on the practical massage. There is also an agreement on which muscles a massage therapist should be able to passively stretch. A patient but exactly how this is done regarding the position of the patient. And therapist is something each school will decide. When it comes to the practical massage the guidelines is more indistinct.